military, intelligence, security & foreign policy
military, intelligence, security & foreign policy

Mar
30

Pembukaan untuk beasiswa S2 Disasater Managemernt, Manajemen Pertahanan dan Ekonomi Pertahanan.  Maksimal sampai 15 April 2011

Dari www.idu.ac.id

Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia (Unhan) merupakan Perguruan Tinggi yang dibiayai Pemerintah dengan kurikulum kompetensi khusus SDM di bidang Pertahanan (Defense Science). Perkuliahan dilaksanakan dengan satuan kredit semester (SKS) dengan tenaga pengajar berkompeten dibidangnya baik yang berasal dari perguruan tinggi dalam maupun luar negeri (Cranfield University, UK).

Pendaftaran mahasiswa baru Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia (Unhan) telah dibuka mulai bulan Maret dan akan di tutup tanggal 15 April 2011. Pada Tahun Akademik 2011 ini Unhan akan membuka kelas bagi setiap program studi. Keempat program studi di Unhan adalah Magister Strategi Perang Semesta, Magister Manajemen Pertahanan, Magister Ekonomi Pertahanan dan Magister Manajemen Bencana.

Persyaratan yang diberikan bagi calon mahasiswa Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia adalah sebagai berikut :

Calon mahasiswa Unhan adalah masyarakat umum dan Pegawai Negeri (TNI/Polri/Sipil) berijazah minimal Strata-1 dari PTN/PTS. Adapun persyaratan administratif pendaftaran calon mahasiswa baru :

1. Surat Ijin/perintah belajar dari instansi tempat bekerja.

2. 1 (satu) lembar foto copy ijazah S-1 dan transkrip akademik yang telah dilegalisir.
3. 3 (tiga) lembar pas foto hitam putih terbaru (tiga bulan terakhir) ukuran 4 x 6

Informasi lebih lanjut tentang pendaftaran dapat diperoleh :

Sekretariat Pendaftaran Mahasiswa Baru Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia

JL. Salemba Raya No. 14 Jakarta Pusat 10430

Telep/Fax (021) 3924235 dengan Sdr. Subur/Violy

Website : www.idu.ac.id
Mail : registrasiunhan@gmail.com dan registrasiunhan@yahoo.com
Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia –

Apr
20

Pembukaan untuk beasiswa S2 Disasater Managemernt, Manajemen Pertahanan dan Ekonomi Pertahanan.  Maksimal sampai 15 April 2011

Dari www.idu.ac.id

Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia (Unhan) merupakan Perguruan Tinggi yang dibiayai Pemerintah dengan kurikulum kompetensi khusus SDM di bidang Pertahanan (Defense Science). Perkuliahan dilaksanakan dengan satuan kredit semester (SKS) dengan tenaga pengajar berkompeten dibidangnya baik yang berasal dari perguruan tinggi dalam maupun luar negeri (Cranfield University, UK).

Pendaftaran mahasiswa baru Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia (Unhan) telah dibuka mulai bulan Maret dan akan di tutup tanggal 15 April 2011. Pada Tahun Akademik 2011 ini Unhan akan membuka kelas bagi setiap program studi. Keempat program studi di Unhan adalah Magister Strategi Perang Semesta, Magister Manajemen Pertahanan, Magister Ekonomi Pertahanan dan Magister Manajemen Bencana.

Persyaratan yang diberikan bagi calon mahasiswa Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia adalah sebagai berikut :

Calon mahasiswa Unhan adalah masyarakat umum dan Pegawai Negeri (TNI/Polri/Sipil) berijazah minimal Strata-1 dari PTN/PTS. Adapun persyaratan administratif pendaftaran calon mahasiswa baru :

1. Surat Ijin/perintah belajar dari instansi tempat bekerja.

2. 1 (satu) lembar foto copy ijazah S-1 dan transkrip akademik yang telah dilegalisir.
3. 3 (tiga) lembar pas foto hitam putih terbaru (tiga bulan terakhir) ukuran 4 x 6

Informasi lebih lanjut tentang pendaftaran dapat diperoleh :

Sekretariat Pendaftaran Mahasiswa Baru Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia

JL. Salemba Raya No. 14 Jakarta Pusat 10430

Telep/Fax (021) 3924235 dengan Sdr. Subur/Violy

Website : www.idu.ac.id
Mail : registrasiunhan@gmail.com dan registrasiunhan@yahoo.com
Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia –

 

 

 

——————————————————————————————————————————————

The Defence Section British Embassy Jakarta is currently recruiting students for sponsorship in Masters Degree in Defence Management affiliated with Cranfield University and Indonesia Defence University (Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia ) for period 2010-2012.

Interviews for sponsored students will be conducted on Monday, 10 May 2010 and Tuesday, 11 May 2010 in Jakarta .

Qualifications & General Requirements:

1. Must already hold an S1 Degree (from any discipline)
2. Minimum GPA of 3.0
3. Age between 20-30
4. Excellent oral an written English language skills (Min TOEFL 550/IELTS 6.5)
5. Have some basic knowledge of the Indonesian Defence System

Please submit ONLY your application letter, CV in English, S1 certificate and evidence of TOEFL/IELTS score addressed to:

Ms. Putri Arthani via email putri.arthani@ fco.gov.uk or by post to:

Defence Section

British Embassy Jakarta

Jl. MH Thamrin 75, Jakarta 10310

The closing date for applications is Thursday, 29 April 2010. Only successful applicants will be notified for interview. There will be no correspondent unless notified by the British Embassy. Eligible candidates will need to commit to a full time course for duration of the period June 2010 – July 2012.

Mar
04

by Dian Firmansyah

Last Friday saw the latest raid on terrorists in Ciputat, south of Jakarta, which resulted in death  of two of the most wanted person by the police anti-terror squad. The operation was actually to capture them alive, but it was foiled when one of the terrorists saw the anti-terror squad.  Cornered in their rented room, Saifuddin Zuhri and Syahrir were shot dead when trying to resist by throwing a pipe bomb on the raiding squad. One of the officers was reported hurt because of the bomb.  One person, presumed a courier for the two terrorists, was apprehended by the Police about a kilometer from the raid site.

The latest operation is just one  the recent operations launched by the Indonesian Police to capture the terrorist network responsible for the Marriot and Ritz-Carlton July 7 bombing. The majority of the raid operation resulted in death of the terrorists, as can be seen on Temanggung raid (killed Ibrahim), Jatiasih Bekasi (killed Eko Setiawan and Aer), Jebres Solo (killed Noordin M.Top), and the Ciputat raid (killed Saifuddin Zuhri and Syahrir).

While the death of terrorists in such operation are popularly considered a significant achievement, they are not really favored by the law enforcement and the government. It is unquestionably a tactical success, because dead terrorists can’t do anything to terrorize the society any more.  But is it a strategic success? The death of terrorists, especially the key figures, hinders the Police to reveal more of the terrorist activities and network. When a terrorist shot dead during an operation, he took all the knowledge, network of contacts and information useful for the Police buried with him. Dead man can’t talk.

Moreover, death of terrorists are likely to fuel sympathy to their cause, especially from their relatives and friends that feels the government had been overacting by using excessive force and “executing” them without a due trial.  The dead terrorist then becomes a martyr and a symbol of state’s suppression and incites desire carry on the fighting for their cause.  This can be  seen in the funerals of some of them, which displays some written signs such as “Mati satu tumbuh seribu”. So while it is a tactical success, dead terrorists are a long-term strategic liability for the grand counter-terrorism strategy. On the other hand, capturing terrorists alive for trial and  extraction of useful information is the ideal condition for counter terrorism. If in the future the captured terrorist can be deradicalized and in turn help the counter-terrorism efforts, then the advantage will be three-fold.

But the reality in the field is far from enabling the Police to reach the above ideal aim. Assuming the terrorist are holed in with firearms and explosives, the raid squad is usually equipped with assault rifles, sniper rifles, hand grenades, tear gas and explosives. In some operation, a tactical robot is also employed to get a peek of situation inside the house of the terrorist.  In some cases low explosives were thrown into the room to create shock and render the terrorist unconscious, however, this tactics potentially caused the terrorist to die instead of knocked out.  This is aggravated with the raid squad’s action of pouring the houses with bullets, and sometimes hand grenades, which further diminishes the already slim chance to capture the target alive.  This tactics can be seen in the Temanggung raid on early August, where  the terrorist was cornered to a bathroom after more than 12 hours of fighting.  Subsequent action from the Police squad is to shoot the back wall of the bathroom and through the ventilation hole. One of the bullets bounce back inside the bathroom and the ricochet killed Ibrahim.

Non-lethal weapons, which are weapons designed to temporarily incapacitate, disable or disorienting targets rather than killing them, can be quite useful to maximize chances to  capture the terrorist alive. There are a number of such  weapons with different working methods, ranging from tear gas, flash-bang grenades, knock out gas, electric shock, or a simple rubber bullet. Non-lethal weapons was originally intended to use for crowd control and self defense purposes, but now some of these weapons are also used by the military and special forces for their operation and if used in counter-terrorism raid may greatly enhance the chance of capturing the terrorists alive.

One of non-lethal weapons that can be used for counter-terrorism raid is the flash-bang grenades, which produces very loud noise (up to 170 decibel), dazzling light and shock wave when ignited. The device is designed to create a sensory overload which temporarily causes confusion and an inability to effectively respond to raiding team’s actions. When applied, these flash-bang grenades will throw the target temporarily blind, deaf and shocked. The M84 flash-bang grenade has now been used by US military to increase the flexibility in the application of force during military operations.

Another non-lethal weapons that can be used for such operation is the knockout (KO) gas. KO gas is a sleeping gas, an anaesthetic gas that has rapid effect to render temporarily unconscious those who inhale them.  There are many volatile anaeshtetics that can be used as KO gas, such ashalothane vapour (Fluothane), methyl propyl ether (Neothyl), and methoxyflurane (Penthrane).

In the 2002 Moscow theater hostage crisis where around 850 people were taken hostage by armed men with explosives attached to their bodies as well as planted in the whole building, the Russian special forces used a type of knockout gas derived from felantyl. They injected this colorless gas into the building through ventilation system and some discreetly drilled holes to put around fifty hostage takers unconscious before storming the huge building half an hour later. Because of the effects of the gas, majority of the hostage takers had been unconscious by the time the special forces entered the building.

The use of KO gas is one non-lethal weapons  is suitable for current counter-terrorism raid, and well within the capability of our defense research and manufacture establishment to produce. The KO gas can be delivered through gas canister shot from the standard launcher just like tear gas. Since Indonesia’s Pusat Industri Angkatan Darat (Pindad) manufactures tear gas canister for the Police, it is only a question of combining the KO gas with the right dispersing agent into the gas canister.

Had KO gas been used in Temanggung, Solo and Ciputat raid, the Police may have been able to disable and capture the targets alive. In all three raids the situation is ideal for the use of KO gas. The targets were cornered inside a confined space (a house or bathroom) where KO gas canister can be launched and will quickly saturate the air inside and knocked everyone inside it unconscious. It may also change the outcome of the 2005 raid in Batu, Malang that killed Dr.Azahari.

Since capturing the terrorist will bring the maximum advantage to current counter terrorism effort, the use of non-lethal weapons should be considered for raid operation. It may not suitable to all raid operations, but it will provide greater chance to capture the terrorists alive than just using conventional weapons.

The writer is a master’s degree student of defense management at Bandung Institute of
Technology (ITB)

May
04

Learning from the war against avian influenza, the SBY’s government has shown its responsiveness to the Swine Flu issue. Last Monday, an emergency meeting with various branch of the government was conducted. Ministers and officials coming to the meeting range from Health Ministry, Transportation Ministry, Interior Ministry, Culture & Tourism Ministry, Agriculture Ministry, Ministy of Finance, State Department to the Police Department. The quick, joined-up response shows the current government’s seriousness in dealing with the issue, although the Health Minister have said that the Swine Flu constitutes a lower danger to Indonesia than the Avian Influenza due to the Indonesia’s hot climate. Nevertheless, Indonesia has launched steps to stop the virus from coming by border control and screening at ports and airports, banning the import of pork and putting 38 billion rupiah of fund to combat the swine flu. The health department have also assigned more than 100 hospital all over Indonesia to handle any swine flu cases that may appear.

One thing we need to ask is whether the defence department c.q the military (TNI) should be involved in this Swine Flu response in this early stage?

The contra arguments is that that having the military involved now would be premature, as the situation is still very-very far from the emergency situation that calls for military intervention (e.g martial law), and could possibly trigger panic if falsely perceived by the public. Moreover, the task of keeping the internal security of the country is now legally belongs to the Police. However, there are some advantages that can be gained by involving the military involved in this swine flu response.

First, it will give the defence department and military (plus other parties that have been involved) early chance to harmonize their preparedness and contingency plan with other branch of government’s plan in an event of a deadly infection outbreak. In normal situation, the Health Department will be the spearhead that to carry out measures to combat a deadly infection outbreak. But if the situation escalates into emergency situation, such measures would likely need some force to put it into effect, such as forced evacuation, forced vaccination, area-wide cordon or forced quarantine of the infected population. The health establishment would need to work closely with the military and police. Such effort needs a close coordination and understanding of the role and nature of each parties involved, and early involvement would facilitate those essential needed ingredients. It will also provide time for the military to develop doctrine, make a contingency plan, conduct drill and exercises, develop capability and prepare for such MOOTW (military operation other than war) operations.

Second, the military can learn from the health department on dealing with such infection and apply the lessons to enhance its capability to defend against biological weapons. Years of chronic insufficient defence budget has made the TNI’s conventional forces capability deteriorated. When the budget is insufficient to develop or even just to maintain conventional capability, there is a big tendency to neglect the capability to deal with non-conventional threat, especially when such threat are deemed unlikely. On the other hand, constant battle with Avian influenza has made the Indonesian health department gained much knowledge and experience on this kind of biological threat. Clearly TNI, and the nation in general, can benefit from this.

Another point to be raised that it that helping the government in natural disaster relief is also a main task of TNI, as mandated by UU 34/2004 on TNI . While the term natural disaster is usually associated with physical harm brought by environment, such as earthquakes or landslides, an outbreak of deadly disease can also be categorized into such term.

Given the unpredictable behavior of influenza viruses, neither the timing nor the severity of the next pandemic can be predicted with any certainty. The influenza virus is constantly mutating, and new strains come up every several years with a global pandemic potential. So far, the human kind has been lucky. The H5N1 Avian Flu is highly lethal (with mortality rate up to 80%), but its spread is limited by bird-to-human transmission only. The H1N1 swine Flu is highly contagious, spreading to other continent within just 1 week through airborne infection, but so far the mortality rate is only about 6%. We have been lucky because the lethality has not met the ability to spread quickly in these viruses.

But someday, we might be running out of luck. In fact, we did run out of luck several times. Since 1900, three flu pandemics and several “pandemic threats” have occurred. The Spanish Flu pandemic in 1918-1919 infected 20-40 percent of world population that year and killed over 50 million people all over the world. The 1957’s Asian Flu caused 69,800 death in the US alone. Between 1968-1969 another pandemic, the Hong Kong Flu, caused 33,800 death (pandemicflu.gov).

With the massive deaths it can causes, plus the panic wave, a deadly infectious disease can to deteriorate security situation of a country, create nation-wide chaos, paralyzing a government and stopping the economy. In other words, it has a potential to escalate into a crisis and become a threat to our national security. When it happen -God forbid- the nation will need every asset she has to defend herself and her citizen. Whether the swine flu will escalate into such a threat or can be contained like the Avian Influenza virus is yet to be seen. Last week WHO already put the alert level into Phase 5, just below the global pandemic level of Phase 6. As history has taught us many times, being over-prepared is always better than under-prepared.